Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. : (i) Rabi (ii) Kharif Rabi: It is sown in October or December and harvested in April or May. These crops are usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. Rabi crop of sorghum should be sown around middle of September. Winter Cropping Systems: Among the Rabi Crops, wheat together with barley and oats, sorghum and chickpea are the main base crops. However, double cropping of black gram/ green gram/ cowpea (fodder) and rabi sorghum is recommended wherever found operationally feasible. Categories Uncategorized Tags Aamir Khan, Cotton, Fiscal Deficit, Food inflation, India, Inflation, Interest Rate, Jowar, Kharif, Paddy, Rabi, Ragi, Rangeela, Subbarao, urad, Urmila Matondkar. KHARIF – KR – K comes alphabetically before R, so remember Kharif Crops are Sowed before Rabi Crops. Between 1903 and 1907 Bajra alone or in combination covered 42.511 ha. During the Rabi season, crops like jowar, wheat, maize, onions and a variety of vegetables are grown. Be the dried mature grains of Sorghum vulgare pers raised in the Rabi season; Be sweet, hard, clean, wholesome, uniform in size, shape, colour and in sound merchantable condition. He is also the author of five books. For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops.On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. In India, there are two major cropping seasons, Rabi cropping season and Kharif cropping season. Searched term : kharif crop. for further improvement of rabi sorghum productivity. Main kharif crops are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, moong, cotton, jute and groundnut. In total it includes; Cereals (7) - wheat, paddy, bajra, barley, jowar, ragi, … Each of them favors a set of crops to grow. Categories Uncategorized Tags Aamir Khan, Cotton, Fiscal Deficit, Food inflation, India, Inflation, Interest Rate, Jowar, Kharif, Paddy, Rabi, Ragi, Rangeela, Subbarao, urad, Urmila Matondkar. Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of monsoon rains i.e. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. 29. It becomes beneficial as it can be cultivated in both Kharif as well as Rabi season. Sorghum (Kharif and rabi), groundnut, pulses and wheat etc; With irrigation in some places sugarcane and rice are also grown with cotton. Kharif crops: Rice(Paddy), Maize, Groundnut, cotton, Soybean, Pigeon Pea(arhar), Mung bean, Red chilies, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Millets like Ragi, Jowar, Bajra. Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Millet, Cotton, Ragi, and Jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India . National conferences are held before every season to take stock of the preparedness and ensure timely availability of seed, fertilisers and other inputs. In between the rabi and the kharif seasons, there is a short season during the summer … These are sown either alone or in combination with Arhar. Let us see how Kharif crops differ from Rabi Crops! In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. Kharif has R in the word, remember that for Rainy Season. India has three major growing seasons; Kharif, Rabi and Summer, for cultivating large number of cereal, pulse, oilseed and cash crops. Rabi sorghum is sown after a fallow period (kharif) in certain medium to deep soil areas where the rainfall frequency is high. Get notified of new posts by email. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Kharif and Rabi are the two varieties or group of crops that have been divided based on the season they require to grow. Kharif crops stand in contrast to the rabi crops, which are cultivated during the dry season. Grain Yield (kg/ha) Fodder Yield (kg/ha) Suitable Areas* CSH1. The mandated crops are 6 rabi crops, 14 crops of the Kharif season, and two other commercial crops. Email Address . Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Kharif Crops. Soybean – rabi sorghum sequential cropping found feasible and profitable in The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. Two major types of crops grow in India. He is also the author of five books. Maharashtra Kharif MSP Reco… by The Wire Similarly, the MSP is less than the state’s recommendation by Rs 1,125 for sorghum, Rs 2,032 for millet, Rs … Jowar; Maize; Seasamum; Turmeric (Haldi) Chillies; Groundnut; Soyabean; Safflower; Sunflower Wheat Tomato Tobacco Rapeseed & Mustard Potato Onion Linseed (Alsee) Gram Garlic Coriander Barley; Kharif Vegetables: Rabi Vegetables: Arum; Field Vetch (Gowar) Cucumber; Beans; Long Melon; Luffa; Lotus Roats (Bheeh) Melon Pumpkin; Musk Melon; Pumpkin; Tinda; Water Melon; Cauliflower; … Rabi Season or Rabi harvest Sowing in Winter(October-November), Harvested in Spring (March – April) Rabi season is also called a Rabi … “In the last Rabi season, 27.69 lakh metric tonnes of fertilisers were used. Subscribe . Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. His fifth book Bad … With many areas receiving merely 500 mm of rainfall, crops such as jowar, wheat and maize have shrunk by fairly large margins. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Cropping during kharif is … Kharif: It is sown in June or July and harvested in September or October. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all Kharif types crops. Year Season Division Crop Name Normal Area Actual Area ; 2018-19: Kharif: AMRAVATI: Bajari: 3033.84 : 910.00 : 2018-19: Kharif: AMRAVATI: Cotton: 1008018.98 Sorghum: Oats (cereals) Pearl Millet/Bajra: Chickpea/gram (pulses) Finger Millet/ragi (cereals) Mustard (oilseeds) etc. In the subsequent year its cultivation in the district increased by nearly 12,900ha. Subscribe. The essential information on grain sorghum hybrids and varieties released in the country for cultivating under kharif season is presented below. Kharif crops are sown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and these are harvested in September-October. Introduction: -Jowar which is also famous by the name Sorghum is one of the basic important food and part of fodder cereal crop cultivated across India. nearly in last week of June. Let us take a look at these. Subscribe . Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. It is being taken up with much enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka. Learn more. His fifth book Bad … The three cropping seasons of India are – rabi, kharif and zaid. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. Answer 1: The major difference between Rabi and Kharif crop is their harvesting season. Rabi is important cropping season contributing to more than half of crop productions. Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers. India has only one dessert which is the Thar dessert. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. In the last three decades productivity has gone upto 84% in case of kharif sorghum and 70% in rabi sorghum. Major crops are: barely, wheat, peas, gram and mustard. The rabi crops include wheat, barley, oats (cereals), chickpea/gram (pulses), linseed, mustard (oilseeds) etc. Environmental Factors Limiting rabi sorghum Productivity Climatic Factors Rainfall: Most of the rabi sorghum areas are situated in a belt with low and variable annual rainfall of '" 600-80Omm isohyet. Let us take a look at these. It is grown in rain fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and southern parts of India. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Get notified of new posts by email. Question 1: State one difference between Rabi and Kharif Crop. The sowing coverage under all the major kharif crops in Rajasthan such as jowar, bajra, moong and groundnut is up from year-ago levels even though 18 … Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. Kharif Crops; Example Of kharif Crops. Usually kharif … There is an emerging trend for summer cultivation of sorghum apart from traditional kharif and rabi sorghum as an irrigated crop. Bajra is chiefly grown in light and sandy soil. Rice is the most important kharif crop of India. Further, a few examples of the Kharif crop are rice, millet, pulses, maize, soybean, millet, and groundnuts. MahaAgriTech Department of Agriculture, Government of Maharashtra. Among the different kinds of cereal crops in India, jowar occupies a major prominence. Vivek Kaul is a widely published economic commentator. ), ... Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. User Name : Password : CROP ACREAGE Generally, wheat and chickpea are concentrated in the subtropical region in northern India, whereas Rabi sorghum is … Vivek Kaul is a widely published economic commentator. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. There are two major crop seasons in India, viz. This word Kharif and Rabi is originated from Arabic language in time Mughal periods. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Major crops are: bajra, cotton, jowar, rice and jute. Hybrids. Pakistan and Bangladesh are two other countries that are using the term ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ to describe about their cropping patterns. It stands 5 th most important Cereal crop in the world after Rice, Wheat, Maize and Barley. Hybrids and varieties for Kharif season . Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. or 28.47 per cent of the kharif. Arhar (pulses) Soyabean: Groundnut (oilseeds) Cotton: SugarCane: Jute & Mesta: Tricks to remember the crop. Subscribe. Duration. FAQs about Rabi and Kharif Crop. Therefore, the best sowing time is in last week of June to first week of July depending upon onset of monsoon. The output of these crops mainly depends upon the time and amount of rainwater . Common kharif crops. The Kharif season differs in every state of the country but is generally from June to September. Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. 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