Share Your PPT File. Self-heal, or heal-all (Prunella vulgaris), provided another important source of herbal medicine. Leaves exstipulate, opposite or whorled. The … The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e [3]) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. The fruit is commonly a dry nutlet. Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons: Subclass Asteridae: Order Lamiales: Family Lamiaceae – Mint family: Genus Ocimum L. – basil P : Contains 6 Species and 4 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Ocimum basilicum L. – sweet basil P: Species Ocimum campechianum Mill. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs like basil, mentha, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, … Petals 5, gamopetalous, bilabiate (4/1), corolla tube short, upper lip of 4 petals and lower of 1 petal; pink, imbricate aestivation. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Lamiales were in the superorder Lamiiflorae (also called Lamianae). Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India.. The Lamiaceae ( ) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. The biggest change involves the wholesale transfer of some 10 tribes and over 50 genera to the Lamiaceae ( Cantino et al., 1992 ). Many of 32 insights into the systematics of Lamiaceae and Verbenaceae have been confirmed in studies of the Lamiaceae but have not been tested in the remaining Verbenaceae. Sub-family 5. the petals arrangement is gamopetalous 4/1 i.e. Sacred plant for Hindus; also used medicinally. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Stamens well exserted beyond the lower lip; upper pair attached near the throat; lower pair united for about half their length. Thymus or Origanum are pollinated by bees; Salvia, Lamium, Teucrium with still longer tubes are pollinated by bees as well as other longer tongued insects. Is this an example of necrosis or apoptosis? The corolla possesses a tubular base which widens towards the mouth. Lamiales, mint order of flowering plants, including 24 families, 1,059 genera, and more than 23,800 species. The family is known for culinary herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme. Characteristics of the Lamiaceae. upper lip of 3 lobes and lower of 2 lobes, persistent, hairy, and imbricate. Classification family Lamiaceae Abstract. Stachydoideae. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Flowers zygomorphic and in some unisexual (Iboza). Important Types. Aromatic oil is extracted from Thymus, Lavandula (Lavender oil), Rosmarinus (Rosemary oil), Calamintha, Pogostemon etc. Q3. Petals generally 5, gamopetalous and the five teeth are sub-equal and mostly bilabiate. The soil should be kept moist, but not soggy. seed endospermic e.g. There are about 230 Genera and about 7000 species. Leaves are round to obovate, base cuneate, apex mostly rounded, margin entire, upper surface green, lower surface pale green to silvery. The Kingdom Plantae includes all types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in this biosphere. Phylogenetic niche conservatism plays a critical force in shaping seed traits, such as seed germination percentage and rate, across plant species in the subtropical region of southern China. In Mentha a four lobed corolla arises due to the fusion of two upper teeth. Stigma entire or minutely bifid. Wild thyme (T. praecox), with scented leaves, is a creeping plant that is native in Europe but naturalized in eastern North America. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Les Lamiaceae ou Labiatae, communément appelées Lamiacées, Labiacées ou Labiées, sont une importante famille de plantes dicotylédones qui comprend environ 6 000 espèces et près de 210 genres. Flowers hermaphrodite, hypogynous, coloured and scented. … Aromatic procumbent shrub; yields oil of much medicinal importance. We report the chromosome-scale genome assembly of Callicarpa americana L. (American beautyberry), a species within the early-diverging Callicarpoideae clade of Lamiaceae, known for its metallic purple fruits and use as an insect repellent due to its production of terpenoids. Updates? four petals in the posterior upper lip and only one petal in the anterior lower lip. It is mostly planted as ornamental in cultivated areas. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Araliaceae. Learn all about marjoram, a close relative of oregano, in this video. Fruits of Lycopus europaeus yield red dye. Junell (1934), Erdtman (1945), Wunderlich (1967) and El-Gazzar and Watson (1970), all expressed dissatisfaction with traditional classifications of Lamiaceae (Lamiaceae), and with the circumscription of Lamiaceae relative to that of Verbenaceae sensu lato, based on very extensive comparative anatomical, palynological, phytochemical, morphological and host/parasite surveys. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! The taxonomy rank is composed of 236 genera and 6900–7200 species, distributed all over the world [2]. Lamiaceae; Labiatae; Common name: mint family [Zomlefer, pp. Omissions? Ex:- Two petals in the posterior upper lip and three in the anterior lower lip (Salvia, Nepeta, Leucas etc.). Four petals in the posterior upper lip and only one petal in the anterior lower lip. After reading article you will learn about: 1. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. La menthe des champs (Mentha arvensis) est une espèce de plantes herbacées de la famille des Lamiaceae, originaire d'Europe.. L'espèce est semblable à une menthe originaire d'Amérique du Nord et d'Asie orientale, la Mentha canadensis, et reste souvent confondue avec celle-ci.Morphologiqement proche, elle se distingue par … They are usually bisexual and verticillastrate (a flower cluster that looks like a … 3 A-B). The flowers are quite distinct with upper and lower lips. Classification Browse Images ... 20-25 mm long; tube 17-20 mm long, 3 mm wide at the mouth; lower lip 4-6 mm long. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Lippia multiflora (théier de savane ou thé de Gambie) est une plante qui pousse spontanément dans les zones de la savane soudanienne d'Afrique occidentale et centrale. The lower lip of the tube is longer than the upper lip. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, situated on hypogynous honey secreting disc; bilocular becomes tetralocular by the formation of false septum; axile placentation, one ovule in each loculus; style gynobasic (arising from the base of the ovary), stigma bilobed. Introduction to Order – Lamiales 2. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? The largest genus in the Lamiaceae is Salvia. The genus Origanum, native in Europe, includes 15 to 20 species, chief among them being marjoram (O. majorana) and oregano (O. vulgare). Scientific classification: • Kingdom : Plantae • Phylum : Angiosperms • Class : Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledonae) • Order : Lamiales • Family : Lamiaceae (Mint Family) 17- subfamilies • Genera : 236 • … Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are … Leaves of Mentha viridis, Ocimum basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc. Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. Lamiaceae Family Common Name: Mint Family Scientific Names: Genus: Salvia Species: apiana Scientific ... Scientific SubAuthority: Authors: Mike Herrera; Janet Takara; Common Synonym: Genus: Species: Synonym Classification: Synonym SubSpecies: Species Authority: Synonym SubAuthority: Other Information: … Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. TOS4. The family includes 260 genera and 3200 species of world wide distribution. Characteristics of the Lamiaceae. Very commonly verticillaster consisting of a pair of condensed dichasial cymes at each node; often the verticillasters are grouped together in a thyrsus form; rarely solitary (Scutellaria). Corolla is 5-lobed, purplish blue to white. Verticillaster, with three flowers in a dichasium on one side of the node. Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sweet aromatic smell due to essential oils present in sessile glandular hairs; stem rectangular in cross section, leaves opposite decussate rarely alternate, simple, exstipulate with hairs; inflorescence verticillaster; flowers zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, hypogynous, bracteate; calyx gamosepalous, persistent; corolla bilabiate; stamens 4 epipetalous, didynamous; gynoecium 2 four celled by false septum, syncarpous, axile placentation, gynobasic style, seated on lobed disc; fruit schizocarpic carcerulus. There are about 350 species in the genus Thymus, all Eurasian. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. Prantlen, 1888-1897) placed Lamiaceae in the order Tubiflorae, followed by (Hallier, 1905; Wettstein 1924; Rendle, 1925 and Pulle, 1938). Prostantherea, Wixonia, etc. Flowers have 5 fused petals … Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. Content Guidelines 2. Members are a source of essential oils for the flavouring and perfume industries, for example the widely cultivated lavender, Lavandula. … When a tadpole turns into a frog, its tail shrinks and is reabsorbed. Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. It is native to Eurasia and is naturalized in North America. Be sure to smell it too, since many species of the family are loaded with aromatic volatile oils. LycopusuniflorusNorthern Bugleweed. Several smaller groups have been segregated into their own or other families as well (e.g., Angiosperm Phylogeny Group , 1998; Beardsley and … The flowers are usually arranged in clusters and feature two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals) with five-lobed bell-like calyxes (united sepals). Lamiaceae, or Lamiales, also known as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. Sub-family 6. In extreme cases the arrangement may be gamopetalous 0/5 i.e. all the five petals forming the lower lip so that the corolla becomes one lipped. ADVERTISEMENTS: The below mentioned article provides an overview on Order Lamiales, Family–Lamiaceae . Ocimoideae. Lamiaceae constitute a large family, ca. According to Delpino there are five important characters of the flower affecting the pollination mechanism viz. Lamiaceae (order Lamiales) is a family of flowering species, also known as the mint family [1]. Flowers: Inflorescence can be axillary or terminal, paniculate consisting of cymes in dense clusters. Economic Importance 4. Alternative Titles: Labiatae, mint family Lamiaceae, formerly called Labiatae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i ˌ aɪ / [3] or / ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s iː / [3]) or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle family) are a family of flowering plants.They have traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae, [4] but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies suggested that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae… It had traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae (Harley et al., 2004), but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies showed that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae (Cantino et al., 1992; Wagstaff et al., 1998). Pleione, 7(2), 473-488. Xenogamy is deeply rooted in the Lamiaceae. Several species of Salvia, Coleus, Ajuga, Leonotis, Dracocephalum, Thymus, Lavandula etc. Corolla more or less disguisedly 5 (usually with no clear indication of individual petals — commonly with five lobes, but usually with the bilabiate condition superimposed, and the five lobes variously secondarily lobed, reduced or suppressed), or 4 (occasionally, ostensibly, e.g. Among the approximately 100 species of the genus Phlomis is Jerusalem sage (P. tuberosa), which rises to almost 2 metres (6.5 feet) and has clusters of purple flowers. but see Sanders, 2001 , for a lower estimate). Answer Now and help others. See also Coleus; Mentha; Monarda. are used as condiments. Same as above but stamens attached on the upper lip. It is commonly called Mint family. Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. short stem. However, the generally lower IE values in some regions (Table 5) may indicate a more rapid process of cultural erosion and a loss of ethnopharmacological knowledge [60, 65]. Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous, axile placentation. Lilies have 3 sepals and 3 petals, which are identical in size and color (often referred to as 6 tepals). Ocimum santcum (Fig. Many members of … Members are a source of essential oils for the flavouring and perfume industries, for example the widely cultivated lavender, 75 alluded to an unpublished morphological cladistic analysis and outlined the basis for a new tribal classification in his treatment of the Verbenaceae … There are about 230 Genera and about 7000 species. Ex:-i.e. Protandry or gynodioecy, especially frequent in this family, maximizes cross-fertilization. 220 genera and 4000 species, of cosmopolitan distribution that is particularly well represented in temperate, warm regions [1-6]. Tubers of Stachys sieboldi are edible. Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants. Sub-family 7. Characters of Lamiaceae 2. In Ocimum, Coleus, Plectranthus etc. In India it is represented by 400 species. Lamiaceae & nyctaginaceae 1. 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